The neck provides the connection between the head and the body. There are 7 vertebrae in the neck. Neck movements occur through the disc and joints. Neck pain is very common among the adult age group and affects the quality of life seriously.
What Are The Causes Of Neck Pain?
Neck pain can be caused by tissues of the spine such as bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, and nerves. The most common cause of neck pain is a mechanical type of neck pain that involves soft tissue strain. Posture disorder is the main cause of this type of pain. It is especially common in people who work in an inclined position at a desk or computer during the day. This pain gradually decreases within 2-3 days and disappears within 1-2 weeks. This pain manifests itself as attacks in some periods.
In addition to these, cervical disc hernia, degeneration in the neck bones, narrowing of the spinal canal, rheumatic diseases can cause neck pain.
What are the Findings of Cervical Disc Hernia?
Under normal conditions, the disc structure consists of a hard sheath between the two vertebrae and a soft tissue of gel consistency on the inner side. Cervical disc hernia is caused by the weakening or tearing of the outer sheath, and the gel in the inner part of the body slides outward and moves in place, making pressure on the nerves. The pain in the arm is usually more severe than neck pain because of compression on the nerve roots. There may be weakness and numbness in the arms and hand muscles depending on compression of the the level of the nerve roots. In untreated advanced cases, severe conditions such as weakness in the legs and urinary incontinence may develop depending on the spinal cord is under pressure.
How to Diagnose Cervical Disc Hernia?
Direct X – ray, computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are used for the diagnosis of the disease.
How Is Cervical Disc Hernia Treated?
With medical treatment,exercise programs that strengthen the neck muscles are performed with injection applications or surgery.
Please contact your doctor for detailed information and treatment.